A comparison of market risk measures from a twofold perspective: accurate and loss function
Sonia Benito Muela*, Carmen López-Martin, Raquel Arguedas-Sanz
National Distance Education University (UNED)
Under the new regulation based on Basel solvency framework, known as Basel III and Basel IV, financial institutions must calculate the market risk capital requirements based on the Expected Shortfall (ES) measure, replacing the Value at Risk (VaR) measure. In the financial literature, there are many papers dedicated to compare VaR approaches but there are few studies focusing in comparing ES approaches. To cover this gap, we have carried out a comprenhensive comparative of VaR and ES models applied to IBEX-35 stock index. The comparison has been carried out from a twofold perspective: accurate risk measure and loss functions. The results indicate that the method based on the conditional Extreme Value Theory (EVT) is the best in estimating market risk, outperforming Parametric method and Filter Historical Simulation.
Keywords: Expected shortfall, Value at Risk, APARCH model, Backtesting, Skewed distributions
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